Bulgaria was not happy with the status quo at the end of the Second Balkan War.  Nearly all the land she had gained in the First Balkan War had been shifted away, and Tsar Ferdinand had felt forced to sign the 1913 Treaty of Bucharest agreeing to those terms. So it was no real surprise …

  • October 14, 2020
  • History
  • Comments Off on Enter Bulgaria, Stage East

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Bulgaria celebrates its independence on 22 September, which was the date that (now) Tsar Ferdinand issued his proclamation in the old Bulgaria capital of Tarnovo.  To much of the rest of the world, the date was already 5 October – but the truth is that the actual date mattered far less than the momentous events …

  • October 5, 2020
  • Comments Off on The Day of Final Independence

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Independence is not an easy thing to establish, especially not in the Balkans. Serbia’s moves toward independence from the Ottoman Empire started in 1804, and de facto independence was achieved by 1830.  Full independence did not happen until 1878, however. Bulgaria’s path to independence was even more convoluted, with moments of Schrodinger’s Independence in 1878 …

  • September 14, 2020
  • Bulgaria
  • Comments Off on The Twisted Road to Independence

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Royal families do not always stay royal. In the case of the royal family of Bulgaria, exile came on 16 September 1946 after the Soviet Army rolled into Bulgaria and held a referendum. Tsar Boris III had died (most likely poisoned) in 1943, and his young son Simeon was created Tsar under a regency. In …

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The baby who would become the Bulgarian Tsar Boris III was born on 30 January 1894.  The biggest scandal around his infancy centered around the fact that his father, Ferdinand I, defying the angry wishes of Boris’s mother, converted the infant from the Catholic to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church.  The switch horrified the Catholic Habsburg …

  • July 23, 2020
  • Bulgaria
  • Comments Off on The Tsar Who Saved (most) of the Jews

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