For Croats I was a Serb and a unitarian from the beginning.  To Serbs, a Frankist [radical Croatian nationalist] and Ustaša; to  Ustaše a dangerous Marxist and communist; to Marxists a salon communist; to clergy and believers, the antichrist who should be nailed to a shameful pillar.  For the bourgeoisie after the war I am …

  • March 15, 2021
  • Yugoslavia
  • Comments Off on The Contrary Communist

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The leadership of the Yugoslav Communist Party is carrying out a policy unfriendly toward the Soviet Union and to the All-Union Communist Party. In Yugoslavia an unworthy policy of belittling Soviet military experts and discrediting the Soviet Army has been permitted. Soviet civilian specialists in Yugoslavia have been subjected to a special regime, on the …

  • March 15, 2021
  • Comments Off on The Satellite Gone Rogue

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Jelena of Serbia, described as “plain”, but also quiet and amiable by the nanny of the Romanov children whose friendship she shared, was not what the rest of Europe’s nobility pictured when told of someone demanding the release of the Tsar and his family.  And yet, Jelena was the only member of the Royal Family …

  • March 12, 2021
  • Comments Off on The Story of a Balkan Princess

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Enver Hoxha died on 11 April 1985.  It was the end of more than an era.  Hoxha had ruled Albania with an iron fist since 1944.  More Stalinist than Stalin, Albania’s allies had all fallen away at various times in his rule; since the Sino-Albanian Split in 1978 Hoxha’s nation had been completely alone.   …

  • March 10, 2021
  • Albania
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The crises in the Balkans jumped one to the next as the 1800s turned into the 1900s.  Royal assassinations turned into paradigm shifts, causing strikes against the status quo.   No longer wanting to be a dependent satellite of Austria-Hungary, Serbia turned toward Russia and began attempting to diversify their economics.  Sensing the threat to …

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The Pig War was not actually a war, and the weapons that started it were purchased, not shot.   Nevertheless, when the Austro-Hungarians decided to teach Serbia a lesson, it was triggered by Serbia’s decision to purchase weapons from outside the Habsburg sphere of influence.  The weapons were French, not coincidentally a treaty-partner to the …

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When Serbia, which had long been considered a satellite of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, began attempting to branch out their economic and trade relationships, Austria-Hungary reacted decisively in an attempt to quell any thoughts of an independent Slavic Balkans. The result, on 1 March 1906, was the Pig War of 1906-1908.  The Pig War was not …

  • March 1, 2021
  • History
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Comrades, today is the day when we should show our devotion to our viceroy by reacting and destroying the Ethiopians for three days.  For three days I give you carte blanche to destroy and kill and do what you wan to the Ethiopians.  —Federal Secretary Guido Cortese On 19 February, which is Yekatit 12 in the …

  • February 19, 2021
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The provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina shall be occupied and administered by Austria-Hungary…Austria-Hungary reserves the right to maintain garrisons and to have military and trading roads over the whole area of that portion [the Sandjak of Novi Pazar] of the ancient Vilayet of Bosnia. The diplomatic coda to the Pig War of 1906-1908 became, like …

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